The RWJF Health & Society Scholars program ended February 2017. The site will no longer be updated. More »

Vida Maralani, Ph.D., M.A.

 RWJF Health & Society Scholar:


Area(s) of Expertise:
Stratification, Demography, Education, Health, Gender




I study social stratification and demography with a focus on education, gender, and health. As an overarching goal, my work shows how social inequality and demography are interrelated, and approaches inequality as a process in motion, rather than a static snapshot. Much of my work examines the role that education plays in organizing social life, in particular how educational attainment is intertwined with other socioeconomic statuses.  I study educational inequality from a demographic perspective, paying particular attention to how it changes across the life course, generations, or birth cohorts, and relates to family processes such as marriage and fertility. For example, my research shows how education shapes women’s lives with regards to family and work, and the implications of women’s educational gains for educational inequality in future generations. I have also worked extensively on understanding socioeconomic disparities in health, especially the relationship between education and smoking.


I use a variety of quantitative methods in my research including formal demographic models, simulation methods, and semi-parametric methods. My work has been published in the leading journals of sociology and demography, including the American Journal of Sociology, American Sociological Review, and Demography, and funded by the Spencer Foundation and Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.


Journal Articles:
Click here for a list of Vida Maralani's available publications in PubMed.